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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. 1.1Background of the Study

Every teacher’s aim is to teach and be understood by his pupils and be able to answer questions on the topic when the need arises. The play way method therefore, is absolutely essential of the nursery age to make learning situation as a natural aspect of the cultural setting pupils are born into. It could be likened to as a frontline troop in the battle for even development of a child especially within the ages of six.

       Research shows that playful method of lesson delivery makes nursery education a contribution of homely feeling and learning experience a natural induction (National Policies on Education, 2004). That, through play the rudiments of numbers letters, colours, shapes, forms could be taught observably.

       Also, under such playful atmosphere, teachers are worth relying upon and the lessons taught are doubters worthy of attention and co-operation.

       Furthermore, educational oriented play provides a safe and supportive environment for pupils to explore their strength; develop new skills, improve physical well-being, develop the pupil’s self esteem and to build friends.

       Today, both the government and privates school owners are making concerted efforts and huge investment to promote the growth and participation among pupils though increased funding, provision of adequate and relevant play materials, creation of recreational parks, incorporation of play in their course of learning, involvement in games/competition and provision of good and spacious play ground.

       In respect to the higher level of participation as well as greater interest from both government and private industries, it is the responsibility of this research work to find out the effectiveness of the play way method in nursery education as perceived by teachers in Okpe Local Government Area, Delta State.

  1. 1.2Statement of Problem

Excessive play could push a child into habit of unseriousness and sometimes makes teaching a tedious job as some pupils are different to guide.

       Some schools are lacking in terms of creating adequate and enabling environment or play materials for children to use.

       Also, the play way method is perceived as a waste of time and resources, with nothing to contribute to the character development of the pupils.

  1. 1.3Research Questions

This study intends to provide answers to the following questions:

  1. What effect has the play way method on the pupil’s socialization?
  2. Does the play way method contribute to the pupil’s cognitive development?
  3. Is there any effect of the play way method on the physical well-being of the pupils?
  4. Does the play-way method contribute to the behavioural modification of the pupils?
    1. 1.4Hypotheses of the Study

For the purpose of this study, the following hypotheses were formulated to be tested:

  1. H1: There is a significant relationship between the play way method and socialization.
  2. H1: There is a significant relationship between the play way method and cognitive development.
  3. H1: There is a significant relationship between the play way method and physical well-being.
  4. H1: There is a significant relationship between the play way method and behavioural modification.
    1. 1.5The Purpose of the Study

This research was conducted purposely:

  1. To determine the effect of the play-way method on pupils with regards to socialization.
  2. To know the effect of the play way method on pupils in terms of cognitive development
  3. To examine the impact of the play was method on the physical well-being of the pupils.
  4. Finally, to ascertain the effect of play way method on the behavioural pattern of the pupils.
  5. Significance of the Study
    1. 1.6Significance of the Study

This research would help the following:

  1. It will contribute to the field of academics by providing a reference document to other researcher in future.
  2. It will furnish government and non-governmental organisation relevant information through the researcher’s recommendations.
  3. It will help teacher to vary their teaching method to include play when necessary, to check and balance excessive play.
    1. 1.7Scope of the Study

The research is on the effectiveness of the play way method in nursery education as perceived by teachers in Okpe Local Government Area, Delta State.

  1. 1.8Limitation of the Study

These factors slowed the course of activities of this research:

Time: other schedules such as attending lectures, personal reading and other social engagement stole my time.

Funds: Other things demanded for money in the course of carrying out this study e.g. text books, rent, etc.

Poor response: The unwillingness of some teachers to disclose the much needed information.

  1. 1.9Definition of Terms
  2. Nursery education –
  3. Teacher: A person who teaches, especially one employed in a school.
  4. Perceived: as seen or understood by individual

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