The incidence of sexual promiscuity among female undergraduate students in Nigeria is high and increasing, though these students are given little information for making informed decision about it (Makinwa–Adebusoye, 2012). According to Onwuezobe and Ekanem (2009), young people are exposed to a barrage of information related to sexuality which will require guidance from families and schools for healthy sexual development and responsible behaviour. In an eighteen month review of abortion cases from records in a hospital in Nigeria, young people between the ages of 15-30 constituted 68% of all cases of induced abortion, 85% of them were students (Araoye, 2014). More than 50% of these students had their first sexual experience at age 15 years with multiple sexual partners (Araoye, 2014).
Wehmeier (2010) defined sexual promiscuity as a practice of having many sexual partners. There has been sexual revolution in the Nigerian society. Following this revolution, sex is now seen by youths as a recreational activity. This new orientation is fast spreading to the higher institutions with its attendant perils (Kinsey, 2015). In the view of Ngwu (2011), the young ones are easily susceptible to sexual relationships because their sexual characteristics are still in formative stages.
Sexual promiscuity as opined by Isiugo-Abanihe (2013) is prevalent among students in secondary schools and higher institutions of learning in Nigeria and may be due to erosion of various custom and observances as well as factors associated with rapid urbanization and other factors such as family background, peer pressure, media influence, economic situations and educational background of parents (Akinleye and Onifade, 2006).
According to Uzokwe (2008), one of the causes is dereliction of parental responsibilities. Many years ago, families in Nigeria put a lot of premium on morality, honour and character. Parents took time to bequeath same to their wards during their formative years. There were injunctions and periodic denial of basic necessities for doing things that impinge the family name. Vices like promiscuity, stealing and the like when displayed by a member of the family are capable of soiling the family image. No family would want to be blacklisted or blackmailed so parents paid serious attention to the moral and social welfare of their children, at times taking corrective actions when bad behaviours were detected. Compare this day to the ages past, certain behaviours that would repulse people no longer do. The reverse seems to be the case. On the other hand, teachers these days no longer play the invaluable traditional roles they used to. They are no longer character builders because children have grown “wings and tails‟. These children, especially the female ones, feel they have the protection of their parents and or boyfriends. Consequently, young girls go through school exhibiting signs of unacceptable behaviour which metamorphose into bigger issues in future with no one to stop or correct them. Eventually, those who find their ways into the universities end up continuing on a larger scale what they started in secondary schools.
Again, Olugbile (2008) wrote that peer influence is everywhere in the campus where everyone wants to be like others and end up prostituting. The bad girls that embrace prostitution gradually corrupt the more conservative ones. If for example one person had three cell phones, flashy clothes, another wants to do same or more. For those who are probably not from very rich homes they are forced to do otherwise.
Furthermore, some universities are not helping matters. Their fees are so much that it is hard to understand where they expect the students to get the money from. Being in a precarious condition, they turn to prostitution based on the fact that they are looking for money to settle their school bills.
Misi (2008) also pointed out that the politicians and government officials are not left out in the cause of female students‟ sexual promiscuity. According to him, anytime these politicians and government officials visit the university town on official work, the pimps recruit for them young university girls for their relaxation and entertainment, at the end of which they settle them with huge sums of ill-gotten money (Olubgogega, 2008). Due to the fact that the girls glorify wealth, some of them therefore do what it takes to belong by taking to promiscuity. This study is therefore aimed at investigating students’ perceived incidence of sexual promiscuity among female undergraduate students. The study will ascertain whether gender has anything to do with how undergraduate students perceive sexual promiscuity, and if age of the students could affect the way they perceive sexual promiscuity in the school system. Furthermore, the study will examine if there is a relationship between the level of the students and how they perceive sexual promiscuity. This is because, observation shows that students in their final year are prone to engage in sexual promiscuity than those in 100 level.
Few decades ago, virginity of a girl until she got married was rewarded and various taboos were created round pre-marital sex. The trend is gradually changing and the incidence of female undergraduate students engaging in sexual promiscuity is high and may constitute a problem. It is becoming very rampant in our Universities and the average campus has several networks. Most of these students stand outside their hostels and halls to solicit for business. The hardened ones who see their campuses as too boring do not operate inside the University campuses. They brazenly take their trade directly to their customers at night to nearby cities, clubs or hot spots that would give them maximum exposure to men who will like to patronize them. However, the one may wonder why promiscuity would be flourishing inside university campuses under the very nose of the staff and security agents. One of the reasons the researchers believe is that the university authorities have failed to strike the right balance between ensuring students’ liberty and enforcement of existing campus codes of conduct. This is based on the premise that the students are adults that should be able to take care of themselves independent of their parents. With unbridled liberty and freedom the students began to push the limits of acceptable behaviour, taking advantage of freedom bestowed on them as “adults”. Some effects of this type of behaviour include sexually transmitted infections (STI’s), HIV, gynaecological problems, unwanted pregnancy and increase in the number of abandoned babies. The focus of this study is therefore on students’ perceived incidence of sexual promiscuity among female undergraduate students.
The purpose of this study is to examine students’ perceived incidence of sexual promiscuity among female undergraduate students. Specifically, the study will examine the following:
The following research questions were raised to guide the study:
The following research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:
The study will be of a great benefit to students, parents, lecturers, school authorities and school counsellors.
The students will be of great benefit to the students in that, it will expose them to the dangers of sexual promiscuity and the need to keep themselves for their future husbands and also to enhance their academic achievement.
The study will provide parents with useful information about causes of sexual promiscuity in order to know how best to guild their children against such practice.
The study will also provide lecturers with information about the incidence of sexual promiscuity and how best to handle this societal menace.
The study will equally provide vital information to school authority on how best to formulate policies relating to sexuality and the need to implement programmes that will cater for the moral needs of the students.
Finally, this study will provide school counsellors with useful information about the incidence of sexual promiscuity and on how best to provide guidance and counselling to the students in order to provide ways of tackling the problems relating to sexual promiscuity.
This study will focus on students’ perceived incidence of sexual promiscuity among female undergraduate students. The study will cover undergraduate students of the Faculty of Education, Delta State University, Abraka.
Perceived: To become aware or conscious of something
Incidence: This is the occurrence, rate, or frequency of a disease, crime, or other undesirable thing
Sexual Promiscuity: This is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.
Female: This is the sex of an individual that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells).
Undergraduate: This is a student in a university or college who has not received a first, especially a bachelor's, degree
Students: This is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution